Collective Agreement Lra
A collective agreement is an agreement between an employer or employer`s organization and a union or a union`s organization representing employees. In the Philippines, the collective agreement is governed by the Labor Code, particularly under Article 253.
Under the Labor Code, the collective bargaining agreement (CBA) is a contract between a duly recognized union or worker`s association and the employer or employer`s organization that sets the terms and conditions of employment. The collective bargaining process allows both parties to negotiate, compromise and reach an agreement that will benefit both employees and the management.
The Labor Code mandates that negotiations for a collective bargaining agreement should begin at least three months before the expiry date of the existing agreement. During the bargaining process, both parties are required to negotiate in good faith and present their respective proposals and counterproposals. The parties are also encouraged to explore and consider interest-based bargaining, which involves identifying shared interests and working together to reach a mutually beneficial agreement.
Once the parties have reached an agreement, the CBA must be reduced to writing and signed by the parties. The CBA shall include the duration of the agreement, the scope and coverage, and the terms and conditions of employment, including wages, hours of work, leave benefits, and other benefits, including retirement benefits.
The Labor Code also mandates that collective bargaining agreements must be provided to the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) within thirty days from the signing of the agreement. The DOLE will then assess the agreement to ensure that it complies with the Labor Code and other related laws, rules, and regulations.
It is essential to note that collective bargaining agreements are legally binding, and both parties are required to comply with the terms and conditions set forth in the agreement. Failure to comply with the provisions of the CBA may lead to labor disputes and legal actions by either party.
In conclusion, collective bargaining agreements are essential in promoting harmonious labor-management relations. It allows both parties to work towards a common goal, which is to provide better working conditions and fair compensation to employees while ensuring the sustainability of the business. As an editor experienced in SEO, it is crucial to note that understanding the collective agreement LRA is essential for businesses operating in the Philippines.